以气道受累为主的复发性多软骨炎临床诊治研究进展
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1.山西医科大学第一临床医学院;2.山西白求恩医院 山西医科大学第三医院耳鼻咽喉头颈外科;3.山西医科大学第一医院耳鼻咽喉头颈外科,耳鼻咽喉头颈肿瘤山西省重点实验室;4.山西医科大学第一医院耳鼻咽喉头颈外科

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Advance in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of relapsing polychondritis with airway involvement
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1.the First Clinical College of Shanxi Medical University;2.Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Shanxi Bethune Hospital ,which is also called the Third Hospital of Shanxi Medical University

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    摘要:

    复发性多软骨炎(RP)是一种以软骨及富含蛋白多糖的组织受累为主的免疫性多系统疾病,该病十分罕见,临床表现因受累部位不同而差异较大,目前仍无特异性辅助检查作为有效确诊手段,临床诊断较困难,以气道受累为主的患者,可隐匿起病,症状不典型,易误诊和漏诊,但气道受累时病情进展较快,晚期出现喉气管狭窄时治疗相当棘手且预后不佳,给气道管理带来了更大的挑战,因此针对气道受累的RP患者,临床医生应尽可能鉴别并提高早期诊断率,治疗上不仅要采取全身治疗,还要辅以局部治疗管理气道,本文就气道受累的复发性多软骨炎的诊治进展作一综述,为临床医师提供参考。

    Abstract:

    Relapsing Polychondritis(RP) is a rare immune multisystem disease mainly involve cartilage and protein-polysaccharide-rich tissues. Clinical manifestations of RP vary greatly due to the different involved tissues. There is still no specific auxiliary examination to be used as a means of effective diagnosis, which makes clinical diagnosis difficult. Patients with airway involvement can be hidden onset and their symtoms are not typical, making it easy for patients to be misdiagnosised and miss diagnosised. But the progresse of RP with airway involvement is rapidly. When it comes to its late condition, patients’ throut and trachea would be narrow. Treatment with advanced laryngeal stenosis is quite intractable and has a poor prognosis.,making it more challengable for airway management. Thus for RP patients with airway involvement, clinicians should identify RP as far as possible at its early condition and measures should be taken not only for systemic treatment but also for management of the airway. A review of the treatment progress of Relapsing Polychondritis with airway involvement is presented in this paper , hoping to provide reference for clinicians.

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  • 收稿日期:2021-06-28
  • 最后修改日期:2021-08-12
  • 录用日期:2021-08-16
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